Trees are fascinating and impressive structures in nature that not only yield materials that help build our own man-made constructions, they also help to sustain life on Planet Earth.
So if you weren't sure how many species of tree there are or which wood is the darkest in the world, Woodshop Direct give you some of the most surprising facts you may not know about wood & trees!
#1. Wood is a composite of living, dead and dying cells.
#2. The oldest tree is a Great Basin bristlecone pine (Pinus longaeva) that lives in the White Mountains of California - it's 5,062 years old.
#3. The most poisonous tree known to man is the manchineel (Hippomane mancinella). Found in the Florida Everglades and Carribean coast, the sap is so toxically acidic that it can cause blistering of the skin and even blindness if it comes into contact with your eyes. Its fruit can also cause death if ingested.
Credit: https://www.mnn.com/family/protection-safety/blogs/why-manchineel-might-be-earths-most-dangerous-tree#4. Ebony is the darkest type of wood in the world and Holly is the whitest wood in the world.
#5. Wet wood can conduct electricity whereas dry wood cannot.
#6. Redwood trees are considered to be the tallest trees in the world, with the most impressive specimens reaching heights of 300 feet.
#7. The most colourful tree in the world is arguably the Rainbow Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus deglupta) which has a bark that can consist of orange, yellow, green and sometimes purple stripes.
Credit: https://charismaticplanet.com/rainbow-eucalyptus/#8. The bark of a redwood tree can have a staggering thickness of 2 feet.
#9. African Blackwood (Dalbergia melanoxylon) is regarded as the most expensive and rarest wood in the world with a single log selling for around $9,000.
#10. White oak is the easiest wood to steam bend.
#11. According to Guinness World Records, the world's tallest Christmas tree was a Douglas fir measuring 221 feet or 67.36 metres. It was put up in Northgate Shopping Center, Seattle, Washington, USA in the festive period of 1950.
#13. The oldest door in Britain is made of oak and resides in Westminster Abbey in the UK. It's 900 years old, 6.5 feet high and 4 feet wide and has been around since the reign of Edward the Confessor in 1042-1066).
Credit: https://www.ancient-origins.net/artifacts-ancient-writings/britains-oldest-door-0011211#14. The Devil's Tree in New Jersey is regarded by some as the most haunted tree in the world. The tree has been the site of many horrific historical atrocities and hangings due to the positioning of its branches with many locals believing it to be cursed.
#15. City trees die earlier than rural trees because street lights prevent them from 'sleeping' at night and disrupting their internal systems.
#16. Dwarf Willow or Salix herbacea is the smallest species of tree in the world, typically growing only 1 to 6cm tall.
Credit: https://www.thoughtco.com/worlds-smallest-tree-species-1343503#17. Osage Orange wood emits the most heat when burned.
#18. The African Baobab has the widest trunk diameter - measuring nearly 50 feet across with a 155 foot circumference.
#19. The jackfruit tree bears the largest fruit, yielding around 200 fruits a year.
#20. There are 23,000 different species of tree in the world.